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The basic structure of all soaps stay relatively the same despite the differing ingredients. This consists of a hydrophobic hydrocarbon tail (detracts water) and a hydrophilic anionic head (attracts water). 

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The type of fat or oil can result in a different length of the hydrocarbon but all in all the hydrophobic tail remains long. The carboxylate head is usually balanced by either using potassium + or sodium + . When making soap, triglycerides in fats and oils are heated with a strong alkali base like that of sodium hydroxide (lye). This produces three molecules of soap for every molecule of glycerol. 

This process is called saponification (illustrated below)

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Soaps are surface active substances also referred to as surfactants. This means they make water clean surfaces better. Water has very high surface tension, which means when you pour water on a table, it sticks together. Surfactants make it easier for water molecules to wet surfaces and increase the ability of dissolving dirt, and oil stains. 

The general rule for how soap works is ‘like dissolves like’. The nonpolar hydrophobic tails of soap attract the grease and oils that help dirt and stains adhere to surfaces. The hydrophilic heads remain surrounded by the water molecules which they are attracted to. As more soap molecules embed into a stain they surround and isolate little particles of the stain called micelles. The micelle has tails of soap molecules facing toward the grease with the head facing outward into water, which results in an emulsion of soap mixed with grease in water. Soap molecules partially dissolve the stain to form the emulsion that is kept in the water until the soap is rinsed with more water. 

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Soaps don’t clean everything perfectly, like with water containing calcium or magnesium ions. Calcium and magnesium salts are insoluble which causes soaps to dirty surfaces because the soap binds to the calcium or magnesium. 

Soaps have since been replaced by synthetic detergents that have sulfonate instead of carboxylate head because sulfonates don’t precipitate with calcium or magnesium ions and have better solubility with water. But this doesn’t mean that synthetic detergents are necessarily better for the skin. Detergents are made for cleaning surfaces, clothes, dishes and other things that aren’t related to the skin. 

 

Bibliography

Brady, James E.; Russell, Joel W.; and Holum, John R. (2000). Chemistry: Matter and Its Changes, 3rd edition. New York: Wiley.

 

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Savage Soaps Kentucky Bourbon Beard Oil was named as one of “7 Cool Beauty Products Made in DC,” published in Washingtonian‘s December 2019 issue.
SHOP SAVAGE SOAPS PRODUCTS

If you’ve got finicky people to buy gifts for this season, try giving them a Savage Soaps Gift Certificate! Then they can shop on our website and pick out whatever they like!!

It’s easy… Log onto SavageSoaps.com, click the upper right menu: GIFT CERTIFICATES, and personalize! You can email it right to your recipient. OR, if you want to give it directly to the recipient, just simply email it to yourself and print it out.

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Click to find out more about Maryland with Pride’s Seasonal Shopping for Valentine’s Day! Stop by Savage Soaps to pick up your favorites to celebrate the love in your life!

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As Seen on ABC Steve Harvey’s Funderdome!

CYBER MONDAY SUPER SALE

This season is important to us here at Savage Soaps, we wait (im)patiently all year to be able to roll out our holiday cheer and now it’s finally here! Hit up our site  or our store to see the full range of products we have for you. Salt Scrubs are great this time of year for dry itchy skin. And Body Butter Creams help to keep you super moisturized.

While you’re with us, be sure to check your list twice for gift giving and stock up! Our soaps make great stocking stuffers!!

Use promo code: CYBER20 at checkout.

Thank you for your business & Happy Holidays,
Misti & Grant Morningstar, and the Savage Soaps crew!

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Rough, dry, or ashy skin? Savage Soap Salt Scrubs are specially formulated to smooth away rough spots while deeply moisturizing and nourishing the skin. You won’t believe it until you try it because your skin will feel so fabulous after using it…you’ll feel silky smooth and glowing with good health. It’s amazing! Savage Salt Scrubs have many luxurious therapeutic benefits that have been used for centuries to heal the body and mind. By bringing these ancient healing practices together, we have created a very unique and effective product for you to enjoy… bringing the spa into your home! Our salts, derived from the Netherlands and Bonaire, have an incredibly high mineral content, which is known for its powerful healing and restorative powers to the body. The combination of salt with pure essentials provide aromatherapy benefits to calm the body and mind by penetrating up through the nasal passages into the brain. A science that has been practiced for thousands of years. And the addition of our exclusive blend of anti-aging bran/olive oils will bring balance to your skin by providing nutrients needed to stay firm, young, and vibrant!

 

BENEFITS: Salt Scrub invigorates circulation, helps deplete cellulite, heals acne, heals skin issues, reduces stress and anxiety, removes dead skin cells and rejuvenates. Combined with certain essential oils such as lemon or lime will provide anti-viral and anti-bacterial benefits with regular usage. If you are a bath lover, Dissolve some into your tub to soak the stress away and moisturize your skin. And for the guys… this makes a great hand cleaner for dirty jobs, auto and garden enthusiasts. Many gourmet scents are handcrafted daily and are available in our store and online. Get your skin savagely radiant and glowing for any season!

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Black “Frosty” Friday, downtown Frederick, MD location or online.

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